Why Shoot RAW Files

RAW Files vs JPEGs RAW files are your digital negative. Like film negatives, RAW files contain the greatest range of visual information and offer the greatest latitude in post-production. RAW files are uncompressed, unlike the highly compressed jpeg file, which discards information to reduce file size. Once that information is lost, it cannot be retrieved. […]

Memory Cards—A Basic Overview

Memory cards are the photographer’s digital equivalent to film. The most common types of memory cards include SD (Secure Digital, up to 2 GB of capacity), SDHC (High Capacity, up to 32 GB), SDXC (Extra Capacity, up to 2 TB), and UHS (Ultra-High Speed) cards. Two factors determine how memory cards are rated. Speed rating measures the maximum reading […]

Photographing the Urban Landscape

                          Urban Design, in its finest examples, ranks among humanity’s highest achievements. An organic fusion of form, function, and aesthetics, major urban centers offer unique and varied photographic opportunities. Cities have it all–big skylines, people, traffic, and an endless source of image-making. I […]

Photo Tip #9: Using Filters

                          Filters are an important and often overlooked piece of photographic equipment, yet they are essential to the image-making process. In this article, I will discuss a basic set of filters that every nature photographer should have in her or his camera bag. […]

Photo Tip #8: Winter Photography–Shooting in Inclement Weather

Winter is an especially photogenic time of year. The quality of light, long shadows, and starkness of the season lend themselves to dramatic image-making. What better time to be out and embracing nature? For me, Winter is the season to be shooting, but conditions can be cold, windy, and wet. With the proper gear, some […]

Photo Tip #7: An Introduction to Flash Photography

  Flash photography is probably the medium’s least understood aspect. Flash photography is considerably more complex than working with natural light alone, as you are simultaneously controlling two exposures–the flash exposure and the ambient-light exposure. With a modest investment in equipment and an understanding of basic principles, you can achieve professional, natural-looking results easily and […]

Photo Tip #5: Photographing Landscapes

Landscapes account for more photographs, historically, than any other genre, with the likely exception of portraiture. We are all immersed in some kind of landscape. Even the city dweller resides in an urban landscape. While this particular article focuses on the natural world, everything I present here can be applied to cityscapes, as well. Photography […]

Photo Tip #4: Composition For A Stronger Photograph

Composition is arguably the single most important aspect of good photography. If every other technical skill is expertly applied, but the photograph is carelessly composed, what might have been a memorable image becomes fodder for the delete button. Several elements combine to create a strong image, yet none of them makes or breaks a photograph […]

Photo Tip #3: Photographing People–The Informal Portrait

                            The art and aesthetic of portraiture is highly varied and subjective. I love the photojournalistic approach to photographing people–catching them in that unguarded moment. I strive to capture a subject in the act of being him- or herself. As you move […]

Photo Tip #2: Depth-of-Field

                            Depth-of-field is defined as that area within a photograph which is in sharp focus. By understanding and implementing a few basic concepts, you can take complete control of your image-making. When you determine depth-of-field manually, you are able to render any […]